Clinical Imaging of the Penumbra in Ischemic Stroke: From the Concept to the Era of Mechanical Thrombectomy - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine Year : 2022

Clinical Imaging of the Penumbra in Ischemic Stroke: From the Concept to the Era of Mechanical Thrombectomy

Abstract

The ischemic penumbra is defined as the severely hypoperfused, functionally impaired, at-risk but not yet infarcted tissue that will be progressively recruited into the infarct core. Early reperfusion aims to save the ischemic penumbra by preventing infarct core expansion and is the mainstay of acute ischemic stroke therapy. Intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy for selected patients with large vessel occlusion has been shown to improve functional outcome. Given the varying speed of infarct core progression among individuals, a therapeutic window tailored to each patient has recently been proposed. Recent studies have demonstrated that reperfusion therapies are beneficial in patients with a persistent ischemic penumbra, beyond conventional time windows. As a result, mapping the penumbra has become crucial in emergency settings for guiding personalized therapy. The penumbra was first characterized as an area with a reduced cerebral blood flow, increased oxygen extraction fraction and preserved cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen using positron emission tomography (PET) with radiolabeled O(2). Because this imaging method is not feasible in an acute clinical setting, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mismatch between perfusion-weighted imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging, as well as computed tomography perfusion have been proposed as surrogate markers to identify the penumbra in acute ischemic stroke patients. Transversal studies comparing PET and MRI or using longitudinal assessment of a limited sample of patients have been used to define perfusion thresholds. However, in the era of mechanical thrombectomy, these thresholds are debatable. Using various MRI methods, the original penumbra definition has recently gained a significant interest. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the evolution of the ischemic penumbra imaging methods, including their respective strengths and limitations, as well as to map the current intellectual structure of the field using bibliometric analysis and explore future directions.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
fcvm-09-861913.pdf (3.56 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

inserm-03752849 , version 1 (17-08-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

L. Chalet, T. Boutelier, T. Christen, D. Raguenes, J. Debatisse, et al.. Clinical Imaging of the Penumbra in Ischemic Stroke: From the Concept to the Era of Mechanical Thrombectomy. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2022, 9, pp.861913. ⟨10.3389/fcvm.2022.861913⟩. ⟨inserm-03752849⟩
35 View
82 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More