Near-Infrared Fluorescence Axillary Reverse Mapping (ARM) Procedure in Invasive Breast Cancer: Relationship between Fluorescence Signal in ARM Lymph Nodes and Clinical Outcomes - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2022

Near-Infrared Fluorescence Axillary Reverse Mapping (ARM) Procedure in Invasive Breast Cancer: Relationship between Fluorescence Signal in ARM Lymph Nodes and Clinical Outcomes

Chafika Mazouni
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Abstract

The near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence axillary reverse mapping (ARM) procedure is a promising tool to identify and preserve arm lymphatic drainage during axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). The ARMONIC clinical trial was conducted to validate the technique on a large cohort of patients and to analyze the predictive clinical factors for ARM lymph node metastasis. For the first time, the fluorescence signal intensity from the ARM lymph nodes was measured and correlated with clinical findings. A total of 109 patients with invasive breast cancer and indications of mastectomy and ALND underwent the NIR fluorescence ARM procedure. Indocyanine green was administered by intradermal injection followed by intraoperative identification and resection of the ARM lymph nodes with NIR fluorescence camera guidance. The fluorescence signal intensity and signal distribution were then measured ex vivo and compared with clinical outcomes. ARM lymph nodes were successfully identified by fluorescence in 94.5% of cases. The mean normalized fluorescence signal intensity value was 0.47 with no significant signal difference between metastatic and non-metastatic ARM lymph nodes (p = 0.3728). At the microscopic level, the fluorescence signal distribution was focally intense in lymphoid tissue areas. Only the preoperative diagnosis of metastasis in the axillary nodes of patients was significantly associated with a higher ARM node fluorescence signal intensity (p = 0.0253), though it was not significantly associated with the pathological nodal (pN) status (p = 0.8081). Based on an optimal cut-off fluorescence value, the final sensitivity and specificity of the NIR fluorescence ARM procedure for ARM lymph node metastatic involvement were 64.7% and 47.3%, respectively. Although our preliminary results did not show that fluorescence signal intensity is a reliable diagnostic tool, the NIR fluorescence ARM procedure may be useful for ARM lymph node identification. Clinical trial registration: NCT02994225.
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inserm-04614423 , version 1 (17-06-2024)

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Muriel Abbaci, Angelica Conversano, Maryam Karimi, Marie-Christine Mathieu, Valérie Rouffiac, et al.. Near-Infrared Fluorescence Axillary Reverse Mapping (ARM) Procedure in Invasive Breast Cancer: Relationship between Fluorescence Signal in ARM Lymph Nodes and Clinical Outcomes. Cancers, 2022, 14 (11), pp.2614. ⟨10.3390/cancers14112614⟩. ⟨inserm-04614423⟩
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