Effects on mechanical power of different devices used for inhaled sedation in a bench model of protective ventilation in ICU - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Annals of Intensive Care Year : 2024

Effects on mechanical power of different devices used for inhaled sedation in a bench model of protective ventilation in ICU

Abstract

Abstract Background Inhaled sedation during invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has received increasing attention. However, inhaled sedation devices increase dead-space ventilation and an undesirable effect is the increase in minute ventilation needed to maintain CO 2 removal. A consequence of raising minute ventilation is an increase in mechanical power (MP) that can promote lung injury. However, the effect of inhaled sedation devices on MP remains unknown. Methods We conducted a bench study to assess and compare the effects of three devices delivering inhaled sevoflurane currently available in ICU (AnaConDa-50 mL (ANA-50), AnaConDa-100 mL (ANA-100), and MIRUS) on MP by using a test lung model set with three compliances (20, 40, and 60 mL/cmH 2 O). We simulated lung-protective ventilation using a low tidal volume and two levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (5 and 15 cmH 2 O) under ambient temperature and dry conditions. Following the insertion of the devices, either the respiratory rate or tidal volume was increased in 15%-steps until end-tidal CO 2 (EtCO 2 ) returned to the baseline value. MP was calculated at baseline and after EtCO 2 correction using a simplified equation. Results Following device insertion, the EtCO 2 increase was significantly greater with MIRUS (+ 78 ± 13%) and ANA-100 (+ 100 ± 11%) than with ANA-50 (+ 49 ± 7%). After normalizing EtCO 2 by adjusting minute ventilation, MP significantly increased by more than 50% with all inhaled sedation devices compared to controls. The lowest increase in MP was observed with ANA-50 ( p < 0.05 versus ANA-100 and MIRUS). The Costa index, another parameter assessing the mechanical energy delivered to the lungs, calculated as driving pressure × 4 + respiratory rate, significantly increased by more than 20% in all experimental conditions. Additional experiments performed under body temperature, ambient pressure, and gas saturated with water vapor conditions, confirmed the main results with an increase in MP > 50% with all devices after normalizing EtCO 2 by adjusting minute ventilation. Conclusion Inhaled sedation devices substantially increased MP in this bench model of protective ventilation, which might limit their benefits in ARDS.
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Dates and versions

inserm-04546707 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Pierre-Louis Pellet, Neven Stevic, Florian Degivry, Bruno Louis, Laurent Argaud, et al.. Effects on mechanical power of different devices used for inhaled sedation in a bench model of protective ventilation in ICU. Annals of Intensive Care, 2024, 14 (1), pp.18. ⟨10.1186/s13613-024-01245-x⟩. ⟨inserm-04546707⟩
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