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Journal Articles British Journal of Cancer Year : 2022

Breast cancer risk among thyroid cancer survivors and the role of I-131 treatment


Background: Female thyroid cancer survivors are more likely to have a higher risk of breast cancer compared to the general population, and the underlying causes are yet to be understood. The potential role of I-131 treatment on this association remains controversial. Methods: We pooled individual data of women who were treated for differentiated thyroid cancer from 1934 to 2005 in France, Italy and Sweden. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) for breast cancer were estimated by comparison with age, sex and calendar-year expected values of the general population in each country. We estimated breast cancer risk in relation to I-131 treatment using time-dependent Poisson models. Results: Of 8475 women (mean age at diagnosis: 45 years, range 2-90 years), 335 were diagnosed with breast cancer [SIR = 1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.36-1.69] during a median follow-up time of 12.7 years since diagnosis. Overall, breast cancer risk did not differ between women treated or not with I-131 (relative risk=1.07, 95% CI 0.84-1.35). However, breast cancer risk increased with increasing cumulative I-131 activity, without significant departure from linearity (excess relative risk per 100 mCi=17%, 95% CI: 2% to 38%). The higher risk associated with a cumulative I-131 activity of ≥100 mCi and ≥400 mCi was translated into 4 (95% CI -4 to 13) and 42 (95% CI -8 to 93) excess breast cancer cases per 10,000 person-years, respectively. Conclusions: An elevated risk was observed for the highest cumulative administered activity (>=400 mCi), and a significant dose-dependent association was observed among thyroid cancer survivors who were treated with I-131. However, overall, I-131 treatment might only explain partly the increase in breast cancer risk among female thyroid cancer survivors.
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inserm-04438463 , version 1 (29-03-2024)





Thi-Van-Trinh Tran, Carole Rubino, Rodrigue Allodji, Milena Andruccioli, Stéphane Bardet, et al.. Breast cancer risk among thyroid cancer survivors and the role of I-131 treatment. British Journal of Cancer, 2022, 127 (12), pp.2118-2124. ⟨10.1038/s41416-022-01982-5⟩. ⟨inserm-04438463⟩
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