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Journal Articles Nature Reviews Rheumatology Year : 2021

Current and future therapies for primary Sjögren syndrome

Abstract

Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that is characterized by a triad of symptoms that affect all patients (dryness, pain and fatigue). In addition, systemic involvement can affect between one-third and one-half of patients. The management of patients with pSS has been negatively affected by a lack of effective treatments; however, knowledge of the epidemiology of pSS has increased, and advances in developing classification criteria, systemic disease activity scoring and patient-reported outcomes have been made during the past decade. Progress has also been made in understanding the mechanisms that underlie the pathogenesis of pSS, which has enabled a more targeted therapeutic approach to be taken. At present, therapeutic decisions rely on the evaluation of symptoms and systemic manifestations and are mostly formed on the basis of experience rather than evidence, and on similarities with other autoimmune diseases, although the 2019 management recommendations from EULAR are now being used to inform clinical management of pSS. This Review summarizes the available evidence for systemic treatments for pSS and includes discussions of advances in outcome assessment, the current evidence for DMARD use and an overview of promising future therapeutics.
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inserm-04012279 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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Raphaèle Seror, Gaetane Nocturne, Xavier Mariette. Current and future therapies for primary Sjögren syndrome. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 2021, 17 (8), pp.475-486. ⟨10.1038/s41584-021-00634-x⟩. ⟨inserm-04012279⟩
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