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Journal Articles Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology Year : 2020

IRAP Endosomes Control Phagosomal Maturation in Dendritic Cells


Dendritic cells (DCs) contribute to the immune surveillance by sampling their environment through phagocytosis and endocytosis. We have previously reported that, rapidly following uptake of extracellular antigen into phagosomes or endosomes in DCs, a specialized population of storage endosomes marked by Rab14 and insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) is recruited to the nascent antigen-containing compartment, thereby regulating its maturation and ultimately antigen cross-presentation to CD8 + T lymphocytes. Here, using IRAP –/– DCs, we explored how IRAP modulates phagosome maturation dynamics and cross-presentation. We find that in the absence of IRAP, phagosomes acquire more rapidly late endosomal markers, are more degradative, and show increased microbicidal activity. We also report evidence for a role of vesicle trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)–Golgi intermediate compartment to endosomes for the formation or stability of the IRAP compartment. Moreover, we dissect the dual role of IRAP as a trimming peptidase and a critical constituent of endosome stability. Experiments using a protease-dead IRAP mutant and pharmacological IRAP inhibition suggest that IRAP expression but not proteolytic activity is required for the formation of storage endosomes and for DC-typical phagosome maturation, whereas proteolysis is required for fully efficient cross-presentation. These findings identify IRAP as a key factor in cross-presentation, trimming peptides to fit the major histocompatibility complex class-I binding site while preventing their destruction through premature phagosome maturation.
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inserm-03998824 , version 1 (21-02-2023)



Mirjana Weimershaus, François-Xavier Mauvais, Irini Evnouchidou, Myriam Lawand, Loredana Saveanu, et al.. IRAP Endosomes Control Phagosomal Maturation in Dendritic Cells. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2020, 8, pp.585713. ⟨10.3389/fcell.2020.585713⟩. ⟨inserm-03998824⟩
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