Improving clinical decision-making in psychiatry: implementation of digital phenotyping could mitigate the influence of patient’s and practitioner’s individual cognitive biases - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience Year : 2021

Improving clinical decision-making in psychiatry: implementation of digital phenotyping could mitigate the influence of patient’s and practitioner’s individual cognitive biases

Abstract

High stake clinical choices in psychiatry can be impacted by external irrelevant factors. A strong understanding of the cognitive and behavioural mechanisms involved in clinical reasoning and decision-making is fundamental in improving healthcare quality. Indeed, the decision in clinical practice can be influenced by errors or approximations which can affect the diagnosis and, by extension, the prognosis: human factors are responsible for a significant proportion of medical errors, often of cognitive origin. Both patient's and clinician's cognitive biases can affect decision-making procedures at different time points. From the patient's point of view, the quality of explicit symptoms and data reported to the psychiatrist might be affected by cognitive biases affecting attention, perception or memory. From the clinician's point of view, a variety of reasoning and decision-making pitfalls might affect the interpretation of information provided by the patient. As personal technology becomes increasingly embedded in human lives, a new concept called digital phenotyping is based on the idea of collecting real-time markers of human behaviour in order to determine the 'digital signature of a pathology'. Indeed, this strategy relies on the assumption that behaviours are 'quantifiable' from data extracted and analysed through connected tools (smartphone, digital sensors and wearable devices) to deduce an 'e-semiology'. In this article, we postulate that implementing digital phenotyping could improve clinical reasoning and decision-making outcomes by mitigating the influence of patient's and practitioner's individual cognitive biases.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03738349 , version 1 (26-07-2022)

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Stéphane Mouchabac, Ismael Conejero, Camille Lakhlifi, Ilyass Msellek, Leo Malandain, et al.. Improving clinical decision-making in psychiatry: implementation of digital phenotyping could mitigate the influence of patient’s and practitioner’s individual cognitive biases. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 2021, 23 (1), pp.52 - 61. ⟨10.1080/19585969.2022.2042165⟩. ⟨inserm-03738349⟩
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