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Journal Articles Genome Medicine Year : 2020

DNA methylation and body mass index from birth to adolescence: meta-analyses of epigenome-wide association studies

Florianne Vehmeijer (1) , Leanne Küpers (2, 3) , Gemma Sharp (2) , Lucas Salas (4, 5, 6, 7) , Samantha Lent (8) , Dereje Jima (9) , Gwen Tindula (10) , Sarah Reese (11) , Cancan Qi (12, 13) , Olena Gruzieva (14, 15) , Christian Page (16, 17) , Faisal Rezwan (18, 19) , Philip Melton (20, 21) , Ellen Nohr (22, 23) , Geòrgia Escaramís (7, 24, 25) , Peter Rzehak (26) , Anni Heiskala (27) , Tong Gong (14) , Samuli Tuominen (28) , Lu Gao (29) , Jason Ross (30) , Anne Starling (31, 32) , John Holloway (19) , Paul Yousefi (2) , Gunn Marit Aasvang (16) , Lawrence Beilin (21) , Anna Bergström (14, 15) , Elisabeth Binder (33, 34) , Leda Chatzi (35) , Eva Corpeleijn (3, 12) , Darina Czamara (33) , Brenda Eskenazi (10) , Susan Ewart (36) , Natalia Ferre (37) , Veit Grote (26) , Dariusz Gruszfeld (38) , Siri Håberg (16) , Cathrine Hoyo (9) , Karen Huen (10) , Robert Karlsson (14) , Inger Kull (14, 39) , Jean-Paul Langhendries (40) , Johanna Lepeule (41, 42) , Maria Magnus (2, 16) , Rachel Maguire (9, 43) , Peter Molloy (30) , Claire Monnereau (1) , Trevor Mori (21) , Emily Oken (44) , Katri Räikkönen (28) , Sheryl Rifas-Shiman (44) , Carlos Ruiz-Arenas (5, 6, 7) , Sylvain Sebert (27) , Vilhelmina Ullemar (14) , Elvira Verduci (45) , Judith Vonk (3, 12) , Cheng-Jian Xu (3, 12, 46, 47) , Ivana Yang (31, 48, 49) , Hongmei Zhang (50) , Weiming Zhang (31) , Wilfried Karmaus (50) , Dana Dabelea (31, 32) , Beverly Muhlhausler (51) , Carrie Breton (29) , Jari Lahti (28, 52) , Catarina Almqvist (14, 53) , Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin (27, 54, 55, 56) , Berthold Koletzko (26) , Martine Vrijheid (5, 6, 7) , Thorkild Sørensen (2, 57) , Rae-Chi Huang (21) , Syed Hasan Arshad (19, 58) , Wenche Nystad (16) , Erik Melén (14, 39) , Gerard Koppelman (59, 12) , Stephanie London (11) , Nina Holland (10) , Mariona Bustamante (5, 6, 7) , Susan Murphy (43) , Marie-France Hivert (44, 60, 61) , Andrea Baccarelli (62) , Caroline Relton (2) , Harold Snieder (12, 3) , Vincent Jaddoe (1) , Janine Felix (1)
1 Erasmus MC - Erasmus University Medical Center [Rotterdam]
2 University of Bristol [Bristol]
3 University of Groningen [Groningen]
4 Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
5 ISGlobal - Instituto de Salud Global - Institute For Global Health [Barcelona]
6 UPF - Universitat Pompeu Fabra [Barcelona]
7 CIBERESP - Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública = Consortium for Biomedical Research of Epidemiology and Public Health
8 BUSM - Boston University School of Medicine
9 NC State - North Carolina State University [Raleigh]
10 UC Berkeley - University of California [Berkeley]
11 NIH - National Institutes of Health [Bethesda, MD, USA]
12 UMCG - University Medical Center Groningen [Groningen]
13 Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD (GRIAC)
14 Karolinska Institutet [Stockholm]
15 Region Stockholm - Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine [Stockholm, Sweden]
16 NIPH - Norwegian Institute of Public Health [Oslo]
17 Oslo University Hospital [Oslo]
18 Cranfield University
19 University of Southampton
20 Curtin University
21 UWA - The University of Western Australia
22 USN - University of South-Eastern Norway
23 SDU - University of Southern Denmark
24 University of Barcelona
25 UdG - Universitat de Girona
26 Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital [Munich, Germany]
27 University of Oulu
28 Helsingin yliopisto = Helsingfors universitet = University of Helsinki
29 USC - University of Southern California
30 CSIRO - North Ryde Site [New SouthWales, Australia]
31 CSPH - Colorado School of Public Health [Aurora, CO, USA]
32 University of Colorado Anschutz [Aurora]
33 Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry
34 Emory University School of Medicine
35 Keck School of Medicine [Los Angeles]
36 Michigan State University [East Lansing]
37 Universitat Rovira i Virgili
38 CMHI - Children’s Memorial Health Institute [Warsaw, Poland]
39 Sachs’ Children and Youth Hospital [Stockholm, Sweden]
40 Groupe santé CHC - Clinique Saint-Vincent [Liège-Rocourt,Belgium]
41 UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes
42 IAB - Institute for Advanced Biosciences / Institut pour l'Avancée des Biosciences (Grenoble)
43 Duke University Medical Center
44 HMS - Harvard Medical School [Boston]
45 UNIMI - Università degli Studi di Milano = University of Milan
46 HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research
47 TWINCORE - Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research [Hanover]
48 University of Colorado [Colorado Springs]
49 Jewish General Hospital
50 U of M - University of Memphis
51 CSIRO ADELAIDE AUS
52 University of Turku
53 Karolinska University Hospital [Stockholm]
54 Imperial College London
55 Brunel University London [Uxbridge]
56 Oulu University Hospital [Oulu]
57 UCPH - University of Copenhagen = Københavns Universitet
58 The David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre [Southampton, UK]
59 Beatrix Children's Hospital [Groningen, Pays-Bas]
60 Massachusetts General Hospital [Boston]
61 UdeS - Université de Sherbrooke
62 Mailman School of Public Health Columbia University [New-York]
Gemma Sharp
Anni Heiskala
  • Function : Author
Paul Yousefi
Darina Czamara
Rae-Chi Huang

Abstract

Background DNA methylation has been shown to be associated with adiposity in adulthood. However, whether similar DNA methylation patterns are associated with childhood and adolescent body mass index (BMI) is largely unknown. More insight into this relationship at younger ages may have implications for future prevention of obesity and its related traits. Methods We examined whether DNA methylation in cord blood and whole blood in childhood and adolescence was associated with BMI in the age range from 2 to 18 years using both cross-sectional and longitudinal models. We performed meta-analyses of epigenome-wide association studies including up to 4133 children from 23 studies. We examined the overlap of findings reported in previous studies in children and adults with those in our analyses and calculated enrichment. Results DNA methylation at three CpGs (cg05937453, cg25212453, and cg10040131), each in a different age range, was associated with BMI at Bonferroni significance, P < 1.06 × 10−7, with a 0.96 standard deviation score (SDS) (standard error (SE) 0.17), 0.32 SDS (SE 0.06), and 0.32 BMI SDS (SE 0.06) higher BMI per 10% increase in methylation, respectively. DNA methylation at nine additional CpGs in the cross-sectional childhood model was associated with BMI at false discovery rate significance. The strength of the associations of DNA methylation at the 187 CpGs previously identified to be associated with adult BMI, increased with advancing age across childhood and adolescence in our analyses. In addition, correlation coefficients between effect estimates for those CpGs in adults and in children and adolescents also increased. Among the top findings for each age range, we observed increasing enrichment for the CpGs that were previously identified in adults (birth Penrichment = 1; childhood Penrichment = 2.00 × 10−4; adolescence Penrichment = 2.10 × 10−7). Conclusions There were only minimal associations of DNA methylation with childhood and adolescent BMI. With the advancing age of the participants across childhood and adolescence, we observed increasing overlap with altered DNA methylation loci reported in association with adult BMI. These findings may be compatible with the hypothesis that DNA methylation differences are mostly a consequence rather than a cause of obesity.
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inserm-03179265 , version 1 (24-03-2021)

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Florianne Vehmeijer, Leanne Küpers, Gemma Sharp, Lucas Salas, Samantha Lent, et al.. DNA methylation and body mass index from birth to adolescence: meta-analyses of epigenome-wide association studies. Genome Medicine, 2020, 12 (1), pp.105. ⟨10.1186/s13073-020-00810-w⟩. ⟨inserm-03179265⟩
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