Relationship between age and elite marathon race time in world single age records from 5 to 93 years. - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation Year : 2013

Relationship between age and elite marathon race time in world single age records from 5 to 93 years.

Abstract

Background:The aims of the study were (i) to investigate the relationship between elite marathon race times andage in 1-year intervals by using the world single age records in marathon running from 5 to 93 years and (ii)toevaluate the sex difference in elite marathon running performance with advancing age.Methods:World single age records in marathon running in 1-year intervals for women and men were analysedregarding changes across age for both men and women using linear and non-linear regression analyses for eachage for women and men.Results:The relationship between elite marathon race time and age was non-linear (i.e.polynomial regression 4thdegree) for women and men. The curve was U-shaped where performance improved from 5 to ~20 years. From5 years to ~15 years, boys and girls performed very similar. Between ~20 and ~35 years, performance was quitelinear, but started to decrease at the age of ~35 years in a curvilinear manner with increasing age in both womenand men. The sex difference increased non-linearly (i.e.polynomial regression 7thdegree) from 5 to ~20 years,remained unchanged at ~20 min from ~20 to ~50 years and increased thereafter. The sex difference was lowest(7.5%, 10.5 min) at the age of 49 years.Conclusion:Elite marathon race times improved from 5 to ~20 years, remained linear between ~20 and ~35 years,and started to increase at the age of ~35 years in a curvilinear manner with increasing age in both women andmen. The sex difference in elite marathon race time increased non-linearly and was lowest at the age of ~49 years.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2052-1847-6-31.pdf (379.89 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

inserm-01088702 , version 1 (28-11-2014)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : inserm-01088702 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 25120915

Cite

Beat Knechtle, Hervé Assadi, Romuald Lepers, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph Alexander Rüst. Relationship between age and elite marathon race time in world single age records from 5 to 93 years.. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2013, pp.31. ⟨inserm-01088702⟩
152 View
248 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More