Copper pathology in vulnerable brain regions in Parkinson's disease. - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Neurobiol Aging Year : 2014

Copper pathology in vulnerable brain regions in Parkinson's disease.

Abstract

Synchrotron-based x-ray fluorescence microscopy, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting were used to investigate changes in copper (Cu) and Cu-associated pathways in the vulnerable substantia nigra (SN) and locus coeruleus (LC) and in nondegenerating brain regions in cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) and appropriate healthy and disease controls. In PD and incidental Lewy body disease, levels of Cu and Cu transporter protein 1, were significantly reduced in surviving neurons in the SN and LC. Specific activity of the cuproprotein superoxide dismutase 1 was unchanged in the SN in PD but was enhanced in the parkinsonian anterior cingulate cortex, a region with α-synuclein pathology, normal Cu, and limited cell loss. These data suggest that regions affected by α-synuclein pathology may display enhanced vulnerability and cell loss if Cu-dependent protective mechanisms are compromised. Additional investigation of copper pathology in PD may identify novel targets for the development of protective therapies for this disorder.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00968923 , version 1 (01-04-2014)

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Katherine M. Davies, Sylvain Bohic, Asunción Carmona, Richard Ortega, Veronica Cottam, et al.. Copper pathology in vulnerable brain regions in Parkinson's disease.: Copper pathology in PD. Neurobiol Aging, 2014, 35 (4), pp.858-66. ⟨10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2013.09.034⟩. ⟨inserm-00968923⟩
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