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Journal Articles Journal of Investigative Dermatology Year : 2002

Creatine kinase and creatine transporter in normal, wounded, and diseased skin.

Abstract

Skin comprises many cell types that are characterized by high biosynthetic activity and increased energy turnover. The creatine kinase system, consisting of creatine kinase isoenzymes and creatine transporter, is known to be important to support the high energy demands in such cells. We analyzed the presence and the localization of these proteins in murine and human skin under healthy and pathologic conditions, using immunoblotting and confocal immunohistochemistry with our recently developed specific antibodies. In murine skin, we found high amounts of brain-type cytosolic creatine kinase coexpressed with lower amounts of ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase, both mainly localized in suprabasal layers of the epidermis, different cell types of hair follicles, sebaceous glands, and the subcutaneous panniculus carnosus muscle. With exception of sebaceous glands, these cells were also expressing creatine transporter. Muscle-type cytosolic creatine kinase and sarcomeric mitochondrial creatine kinase were restricted to panniculus carnosus. Immediately after wounding of murine skin, brain-type cytosolic creatine kinase and a creatine transporter-subspecies were transiently upregulated about 3-fold as seen in immunoblots, whereas the amount of ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase increased during days 10-15 after wounding. Healthy and psoriatic human skin showed a similar coexpression pattern of brain-type cytosolic creatine kinase, ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase, and creatine transporter in this pilot study, with creatine transporter species being upregulated in psoriasis.

Dates and versions

inserm-00390842 , version 1 (02-06-2009)

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Uwe Schlattner, Natalie Möckli, Oliver Speer, Sabine Werner, Theo Wallimann. Creatine kinase and creatine transporter in normal, wounded, and diseased skin.. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 2002, 118 (3), pp.416-23. ⟨10.1046/j.0022-202x.2001.01697.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00390842⟩

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