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Journal Articles Livers Year : 2024

Functions and Therapeutic Use of Heat Shock Proteins in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Abstract

Heat shock proteins are intracellular proteins expressed in prokaryotes and eukaryotes that help protect the cell from stress. They play an important role in regulating cell cycle and cell death, work as molecular chaperons during the folding of newly synthesized proteins, and also in the degradation of misfolded proteins. They are not only produced under stress conditions like acidosis, energy depletion, and oxidative stress but are also continuously synthesized as a result of their housekeeping functions. There are different heat shock protein families based on their molecular weight, like HSP70, HSP90, HSP60, HSP27, HSP40, etc. Heat shock proteins are involved in many cancers, particularly hepatocellular carcinoma, the main primary tumor of the liver in adults. Their deregulations in hepatocellular carcinoma are associated with metastasis, angiogenesis, cell invasion, and cell proliferation and upregulated heat shock proteins can be used as either diagnostic or prognostic markers. Targeting heat shock proteins is a relevant strategy for the treatment of patients with liver cancer. In this review, we provide insights into heat shock proteins and heat shock protein-like proteins (clusterin) in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and their use as therapeutic targets.
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inserm-04634994 , version 1 (04-07-2024)

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Ramakrushna Paul, Smriti Shreya, Shweta Pandey, Srishti Shriya, Aya Abou Hammoud, et al.. Functions and Therapeutic Use of Heat Shock Proteins in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Livers, 2024, 4 (1), pp.142-163. ⟨10.3390/livers4010011⟩. ⟨inserm-04634994⟩

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