Depressive symptoms after hepatitis C cure and socio-behavioral correlates in aging people living with HIV (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH) - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology Year : 2022

Depressive symptoms after hepatitis C cure and socio-behavioral correlates in aging people living with HIV (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH)

Abstract

Background & aims: A growing literature shows an improvement of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related depression after successful treatment with direct-acting antivirals. However, depression after HCV cure remains insufficiently documented in people living with HIV (PLWH) and HCV, a population with specific mental health challenges. This study aimed to (i) document the prevalence of moderate-to-severe depression (PHQ-9 score ≥10) across different age classes in HCV-cured PLWH; (ii) identify associated socio-behavioral correlates. Methods: Descriptive analyses were performed on data collected during a cross-sectional survey (February 2018 - May 2019) nested in a prospective, multicenter cohort of individuals living with HIV and HCV (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH). Socio-behavioral correlates of moderate-to-severe depression were identified using logistic regression. Results: Among the 398 HCV-cured individuals in the study sample (median age [IQR]: 56 [53-59] years; 73.1% men), 23.9% presented with moderate-to-severe depression (PHQ-9 score ≥10). Depressive symptom prevalence rates were as follows: anhedonia: 52.3%; feeling 'down' or feelings of hopelessness: 48.3%; sleeping problems: 65.7%; lack of energy: 70.3%; eating disorders: 51.2%; lack of self-esteem: 34.3%; difficulty concentrating: 34.9%; sluggishness (in movement and voice) or restlessness: 24.6%; suicidal ideation: 17.1%. No significant difference was detected across age classes. Female sex, unhealthy alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy eating behaviors were associated with increased odds of moderate-to-severe depression. Conclusions: Depressive symptoms were common in this sample of HCV-cured PLWH. Unlike findings for the French general population, the prevalence of depression did not decrease with age class. Mental health remains a key issue for HIV-HCV-coinfected individuals, even after HCV cure, especially in women and in individuals with unhealthy behaviors. Lay summary: Despite potential improvements in mental health after successful treatment with direct-acting antivirals, many people living with HIV (PLWH) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) - even in older age classes - still face depressive symptoms after HCV cure. In this population, women and people reporting unhealthy alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, or unhealthy eating behaviors are more prone to report depressive symptoms after HCV cure. Mental health and lifestyle-related issues should be integrated in a global care model for PLWH living with or having a history of hepatitis C.
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inserm-04547481 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Fabienne Marcellin, Sylvie Brégigeon-Ronot, Clémence Ramier, Camelia Protopopescu, Camille Gilbert, et al.. Depressive symptoms after hepatitis C cure and socio-behavioral correlates in aging people living with HIV (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH). JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology, 2022, 5 (1), pp.100614. ⟨10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100614⟩. ⟨inserm-04547481⟩
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