Patient-reported outcomes with direct-acting antiviral treatment for hepatitis C in West and Central Africa (TAC ANRS 12311 trial) - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology Year : 2023

Patient-reported outcomes with direct-acting antiviral treatment for hepatitis C in West and Central Africa (TAC ANRS 12311 trial)

Abstract

Background & aims: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are poorly documented for patients with chronic hepatitis C on direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment in low-to-middle-income countries. We documented PROs during and after DAA treatment in participants of the TAC ANRS 12311 trial (West and Central Africa). Methods: Trial participants received a 12-week regimen containing either sofosbuvir plus ribavirin (HCV genotype 2, n = 40), or sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir (HCV genotypes 1 and 4, n = 80). Health-related quality of life (SF-12), fatigue (Piper Fatigue scale), and self-reported symptoms (35-symptom list) were assessed at enrolment (Week (W) 0), during treatment (W2, W4, W8 and W12) and after treatment (W24 and W36). These PROs were compared between W0 and W36 (Wilcoxon signed-rank or McNemar tests). Mixed-effects linear regression models helped identify correlates of physical and mental quality of life component summaries (PCS and MCS) in a longitudinal analysis. Results: Most PROs were significantly improved 24 weeks after treatment end (W36), without significant differences between treatment groups. For the post-treatment period, multivariable analysis showed significant increases in PCS for patients with cirrhosis and in MCS for patients in the sofosbuvir plus ribavirin group. A higher number of self-reported symptoms at W0 was associated with lower PCS and MCS, older age and cirrhosis with lower PCS, and male sex and HCV cure with higher PCS. Conclusions: Sofosbuvir-based DAA therapy was associated with a significant improvement in PROs 6 months after treatment end in patients with chronic HCV infection from Central and West Africa. These findings may guide HCV treatment providers in low-to-middle-income countries to deliver pre-treatment information concerning the benefits of DAAs beyond viral eradication. Clinicaltrialsgov identifier: NCT02405013. Impact and implications: Perceptions and experiences (i.e. "patient-reported outcomes") of patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are poorly documented in the African setting. This study shows significant improvements in health-related quality of life, fatigue, and self-reported symptoms 24 weeks after the end of a 12-week sofosbuvir-based DAA regimen in 120 patients from Central and West Africa. These findings substantially add to the body of knowledge about DAA therapy in the African setting. Treatment providers should be encouraged to inform patients of the benefits of DAAs beyond viral eradication, to increase treatment adherence and retention in care.
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Dates and versions

inserm-04547440 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Fabienne Marcellin, Abbas Mourad, Maud Lemoine, Charles Kouanfack, Moussa Seydi, et al.. Patient-reported outcomes with direct-acting antiviral treatment for hepatitis C in West and Central Africa (TAC ANRS 12311 trial). JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology, 2023, 5 (3), pp.100665. ⟨10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100665⟩. ⟨inserm-04547440⟩
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