Haploinsufficiency of the HIRA gene located in the 22q11 deletion syndrome region is associated with abnormal neurodevelopment and impaired dendritic outgrowth - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Human Genetics Year : 2021

Haploinsufficiency of the HIRA gene located in the 22q11 deletion syndrome region is associated with abnormal neurodevelopment and impaired dendritic outgrowth

Dévina Ung
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1290957
  • IdHAL : devina-ung

Abstract

The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is associated with a wide spectrum of cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. Despite the considerable work performed over the past 20 years, the genetic etiology of the neurodevelopmental phenotype remains speculative. Here, we report de novo heterozygous truncating variants in the HIRA (Histone cell cycle regulation defective, S. Cerevisiae, homolog of, A) gene associated with a neurodevelopmental disorder in two unrelated patients. HIRA is located within the commonly deleted region of the 22q11DS and encodes a histone chaperone that regulates neural progenitor proliferation and neurogenesis, and that belongs to the WD40 Repeat (WDR) protein family involved in brain development and neuronal connectivity. To address the specific impact of HIRA haploinsufficiency in the neurodevelopmental phenotype of 22q11DS, we combined Hira knock-down strategies in developing mouse primary hippocampal neurons, and the direct study of brains from heterozygous Hira+/- mice. Our in vitro analyses revealed that Hira gene is mostly expressed during neuritogenesis and early dendritogenesis stages in mouse total brain and in developing primary hippocampal neurons. Moreover, shRNA knock-down experiments showed that a twofold decrease of endogenous Hira expression level resulted in an impaired dendritic growth and branching in primary developing hippocampal neuronal cultures. In parallel, in vivo analyses demonstrated that Hira+/- mice displayed subtle neuroanatomical defects including a reduced size of the hippocampus, the fornix and the corpus callosum. Our results suggest that HIRA haploinsufficiency would likely contribute to the complex pathophysiology of the neurodevelopmental phenotype of 22q11DS by impairing key processes in neurogenesis and by causing neuroanatomical defects during cerebral development.
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Dates and versions

inserm-04094651 , version 1 (16-05-2023)

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Médéric Jeanne, Marie-Laure Vuillaume, Dévina Ung, Valerie Vancollie, Christel Wagner, et al.. Haploinsufficiency of the HIRA gene located in the 22q11 deletion syndrome region is associated with abnormal neurodevelopment and impaired dendritic outgrowth. Human Genetics, 2021, 140 (6), pp.885-896. ⟨10.1007/s00439-020-02252-1⟩. ⟨inserm-04094651⟩
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