Effects of Home Mechanical Ventilation on Left Ventricular Function in Sarcoglycanopathies (Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophies) - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Cardiology Year : 2018

Effects of Home Mechanical Ventilation on Left Ventricular Function in Sarcoglycanopathies (Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophies)

Abstract

Cardiac and respiratory function may be impaired in sarcoglycanopathies, a subgroup of muscular dystrophies due to sarcoglycan proteins (α, β, γ, and δ) genes mutations. Management of patients with restrictive respiratory failure mainly relies on home mechanical ventilation (HMV). Little is known about the cardiac effects of prolonged mechanical ventilation in patients with muscular dystrophy and restrictive respiratory insufficiency. We aimed to assess the effects of HMV on cardiac function in sarcoglycanopathies. We retrospectively included 10 genetically proven patients with sarcoglycanopathy followed at the HMV unit of the Raymond Poincare University Hospital (4 patients with α-sarcoglycanopathy and 6 patients with γ-sarcoglycanopathy). We collected cardiorespiratory clinical baseline data and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline before initiation of HMV and at the end of follow-up. At baseline, median age was 30.5 years (27 to 39) and median pulmonary vital capacity was 27% of the predicted value (21 to 36). Forty percent of the patients had documented sleep apnea. Cardiomyopathy, defined as LVEF <50%, was found in 3 patients with γ-sarcoglycanopathy. After a median follow-up of 3 years (1.0 to 4.5), there was a significant increase in LVEF after initiation of HMV, that is, 62% (48 to 65) versus 53% (45.5 to 56.5) (p = 0.0039). In conclusion, HMV in sarcoglycanopathies is not harmful and may protect left ventricular function by its thoracic physiological effects.
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Dates and versions

inserm-04015389 , version 1 (05-03-2023)

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Abdallah Fayssoil, Lee Nguyen, Adam Ogna, Paris Meng, Olivier Nardi, et al.. Effects of Home Mechanical Ventilation on Left Ventricular Function in Sarcoglycanopathies (Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophies). American Journal of Cardiology, 2018, 122 (2), pp.353-355. ⟨10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.04.001⟩. ⟨inserm-04015389⟩
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