Management of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the ICU: An Observational Study From the OUTCOMEREA Database, 1997–2018 - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Critical Care Medicine Year : 2023

Management of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the ICU: An Observational Study From the OUTCOMEREA Database, 1997–2018

Stéphane Ruckly
  • Function : Author
Claire Dupuis

Abstract

Objectives: Our aim was to describe changes in the management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) by ICUs and patient outcomes. Design: We extracted data from the OutcomeRea database concerning patients admitted for AECOPD between 1997 and 2018. We analyzed trends in the use of ventilatory support, corticosteroid therapy, antibiotic therapy, and patient survival. Setting: ICUs at 32 French sites. Patients: One thousand eight hundred sixteen patients in the database had a diagnosis of AECOPD. Interventions: None. Measurements and main results: Over time, there was a reduction in the prescription of corticosteroids and antibiotics. In a time-series analysis, these changes in practice were not linked with ICU mortality. The proportion of patients treated with invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) also gradually declined (from 51% between 1997 and 2002 to 35% between 2013 and 2018) with an association between decrease in IMV use and reduction in ICU mortality in a time series analysis. Rates of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failure decreased with an increase in NIV use to support weaning from IMV. There was a reduction in the median ICU length of stay (from 8 d in 1997-2002 to 4 d in 2013-2018) and in the median total duration of hospitalization (from 23 d in 1997-2002 to 14 d in 2013-2018). We observed an improvement in prognosis, with decreases in overall hospital mortality (from 24% between 1997 and 2002 to 15% between 2013 and 2018), ICU mortality (from 14% between 1997 and 2002 to 10% between 2013 and 2018), and 90-day mortality (from 41% between 1997 and 2002 to 22% between 2013 and 2018). Conclusions: The length of stay and mortality of patients with AECOPD admitted to ICUs has decreased over the last 20 years, with a wider use of NIV and a reduction in antibiotic and corticosteroid prescriptions.
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inserm-03993844 , version 1 (17-02-2023)

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Louis-Marie Galerneau, Sébastien Bailly, Nicolas Terzi, Stéphane Ruckly, Maité Garrouste-Orgeas, et al.. Management of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the ICU: An Observational Study From the OUTCOMEREA Database, 1997–2018. Critical Care Medicine, 2023, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1097/CCM.0000000000005807⟩. ⟨inserm-03993844⟩
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