Hypertension treatment in patients with sleep apnea from the European Sleep Apnea Database ( ESADA) cohort – towards precision medicine - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Sleep Research Year : 2022

Hypertension treatment in patients with sleep apnea from the European Sleep Apnea Database ( ESADA) cohort – towards precision medicine

Abstract

We recruited 5,970 hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on current antihypertensive treatment from the European Sleep Apnea Database (ESADA) cohort. The group was subdivided into those receiving monotherapy (n = 3,594) and those receiving dual combined therapy (n = 2,376). We studied how major OSA confounders like age, gender, and body mass index as well as the degree of sleep apnea modified office systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Beta-blockers alone or in combination with a diuretic were compared with other antihypertensive drug classes. Monotherapy with beta-blocker was associated with lower systolic blood pressure, particularly in non-obese middle-aged males with hypertension. Conversely, the combination of a beta-blocker and a diuretic was associated with lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive patients with moderate-severe OSA. Systolic blood pressure was better controlled in female patients using this combined treatment. Our cross-sectional data suggest that specific clinical characteristics and type of antihypertensive medication influence the degree of blood pressure control in hypertensive OSA patients. Controlled trials are warranted.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03988630 , version 1 (14-02-2023)

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Sven Svedmyr, Jan Hedner, Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Carolina Lombardi, Gianfranco Parati, et al.. Hypertension treatment in patients with sleep apnea from the European Sleep Apnea Database ( ESADA) cohort – towards precision medicine. Journal of Sleep Research, 2022, pp.e13811. ⟨10.1111/jsr.13811⟩. ⟨inserm-03988630⟩

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