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Journal Articles Medicina Year : 2022

Development and Survival of Human Ovarian Cells in Chitosan Hydrogel Micro-Bioreactor

Laurent David

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To test the long-term ability of human ovarian cortex cells to develop in unconventional culture conditions. Materials and Methods. Ovarian cortex cells from fetuses aged 23 to 39 weeks gestation were cultured for 90 days in hollow chitosan hydrogel micro-bioreactors and concurrently in traditional wells. Various cell-type counts were considered. Results: With intact follicles as a denominator, the percentage of growing intact follicles at Day 0 varied widely between ovaries (0 to 31.7%). This percentage tended to increase or stay relatively constant in bioreactor as in control cultures; it tended more toward an increase over time in bioreactor vs. control cultures. Modeled percentages showed differences (though not significant) in favor of bioreactor cultures (16.12% difference at D50 but only 0.12% difference at D90). With all follicles present as a denominator, the percentage of growing primary and secondary follicles at D0 varied widely between ovaries (0 to 29.3%). This percentage tended to increase over time in bioreactor cultures but to decrease in control cultures. Modeled percentages showed significant differences in favor of bioreactor cultures (8.9% difference at D50 and 11.1% difference at D90). At D50 and D90, there were only few and sparse apoptotic cells in bioreactor cultures vs. no apoptotic cells in control cultures. Conclusions: Over three months, bioreactor folliculogenesis outperformed slightly traditional culture. This is an interesting perspective for follicle preservation and long-term toxicological studies.
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inserm-03987317 , version 1 (14-02-2023)

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Elsa Labrune, Cyrielle Fournier, Benjamin Riche, Laurent David, Alexandra Montembault, et al.. Development and Survival of Human Ovarian Cells in Chitosan Hydrogel Micro-Bioreactor. Medicina, 2022, 58 (11), pp.1565. ⟨10.3390/medicina58111565⟩. ⟨inserm-03987317⟩
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