Role of non-invasive methods in detecting liver impairment in familial Mediterranean fever adult patients with persistent hepatic cytolysis - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

Role of non-invasive methods in detecting liver impairment in familial Mediterranean fever adult patients with persistent hepatic cytolysis

Abstract

Abstract Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients may have hepatic cytolysis, although its origin is not formally elucidated. We aimed to evaluate liver involvement in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) using non-invasive methods. All adult FMF patients harboring two non-ambiguous mutations of the MEFV gene with hepatic cytolysis were identified in a French tertiary adult center for FMF. Liver impairment was explored with FibroMax (a non-invasive method to estimate hepatic steatosis, necrosis, inflammation and fibrosis) and liver ultrasound. Among 520 FMF adult patients, 43 had persistent hepatic cytolysis and 20 patients were included (11 women, median age at inclusion: 49.5 years). According to the FibroMax results, patients were classified as having steatosis, fibrosis, and possible or definite nonalcoholic steato-hepatitis in 10 (50%), 9 (45%) and 7 (35%) of cases, respectively. The score of steatosis did not seem associated with the usual metabolic risk factors. No significant association was found between the cumulated dose of colchicine and any of the scores included in FibroMax. In adult FMF patients with persistent hepatic cytolysis, steatosis is the first cause to consider even in the absence of usual metabolic risk factors, suggesting other mechanisms. Colchicine did not seem to be involved in this toxicity.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03874714 , version 1 (28-11-2022)

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Samuel Deshayes, Thibault Fraisse, Soraya Fellahi, Olivier Steichen, Léa Savey, et al.. Role of non-invasive methods in detecting liver impairment in familial Mediterranean fever adult patients with persistent hepatic cytolysis. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.16644. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-17358-x⟩. ⟨inserm-03874714⟩
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