Antibody-mediated allograft rejection is associated with an increase in peripheral differentiated CD28-CD8+ T cells – Analyses of a cohort of 1032 kidney transplant recipients - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles EBioMedicine Year : 2022

Antibody-mediated allograft rejection is associated with an increase in peripheral differentiated CD28-CD8+ T cells – Analyses of a cohort of 1032 kidney transplant recipients

Abstract

Background: CD28-CD8+ T cells represent a differentiated CD8+ T cell subset that is found to be increased in various conditions associated with chronic antigenic stimulation such as aging, chronic viral infections, autoimmune diseases, cancers, and allotransplantation.Methods: Using multivariate models, we analyzed a large cohort of 1032 kidney transplant patients in whom 1495 kidney graft biopsies were performed concomitant with a peripheral blood leukocyte phenotyping by flow cytometry. We investigated the association between the level of CD28-CD8+ T cells in the blood and the diagnosis of graft rejection according to the recent Banff classification of renal allograft pathology.Findings: We found that antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) was associated with a significant increase in the percentage as well as the absolute number of CD28-CD8+ T cells in the peripheral blood of kidney transplant patients at the time of biopsy. The confounder-adjusted mean difference of log percentage and log absolute value between the ABMR group and the normal/subnormal histology group were 0.29 (p=0.0004) and 0.38 (p=0.0004), respectively. Moreover, we showed that CD28-CD8+ T cells from the patients diagnosed with ABMR responded more rigorously to TCR and FcγRIIIA (CD16) engagement compared to their CD28+ counterparts as evidenced by an increase in the expression of IFNγ, TNFα, and CD107a.Interpretation: Collectively, our data suggest that differentiated CD28-CD8+ T cells, with increased frequency, number, and function, may participate in the pathobiology of ABMR. Further studies are warranted to clarify the immunological role of this T cell subset in kidney graft rejection.Funding: Agence nationale de la recherche (France).
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inserm-03854112 , version 1 (15-11-2022)

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Hoa Le Mai, Nicolas Degauque, Sabine Le Bot, Marie Rimbert, Karine Renaudin, et al.. Antibody-mediated allograft rejection is associated with an increase in peripheral differentiated CD28-CD8+ T cells – Analyses of a cohort of 1032 kidney transplant recipients. EBioMedicine, 2022, 83, pp.104226. ⟨10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104226⟩. ⟨inserm-03854112⟩
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