Mutated CCDC51 Coding for a Mitochondrial Protein, MITOK Is a Candidate Gene Defect for Autosomal Recessive Rod-Cone Dystrophy - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2021

Mutated CCDC51 Coding for a Mitochondrial Protein, MITOK Is a Candidate Gene Defect for Autosomal Recessive Rod-Cone Dystrophy

Christina Zeitz
Cécile Méjécase
Christel Condroyer
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Juliette Wohlschlegel
Elise Orhan
Frédéric Blond
Thierry Léveillard

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to identify the gene defect underlying a relatively mild rod-cone dystrophy (RCD), lacking disease-causing variants in known genes implicated in inherited retinal disorders (IRD), and provide transcriptomic and immunolocalization data to highlight the best candidate. The DNA of the female patient originating from a consanguineous family revealed no large duplication or deletion, but several large homozygous regions. In one of these, a homozygous frameshift variant, c.244_246delins17 p.(Trp82Valfs*4); predicted to lead to a nonfunctional protein, was identified in CCDC51. CCDC51 encodes the mitochondrial coiled-coil domain containing 51 protein, also called MITOK. MITOK ablation causes mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we show for the first time that CCDC51/MITOK localizes in the retina and more specifically in the inner segments of the photoreceptors, well known to contain mitochondria. Mitochondrial proteins have previously been implicated in IRD, although usually in association with syndromic disease, unlike our present case. Together, our findings add another ultra-rare mutation implicated in non-syndromic IRD, whose pathogenic mechanism in the retina needs to be further elucidated.
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inserm-03841438 , version 1 (07-11-2022)

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Christina Zeitz, Cécile Méjécase, Christelle Michiels, Christel Condroyer, Juliette Wohlschlegel, et al.. Mutated CCDC51 Coding for a Mitochondrial Protein, MITOK Is a Candidate Gene Defect for Autosomal Recessive Rod-Cone Dystrophy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22 (15), pp.7875. ⟨10.3390/ijms22157875⟩. ⟨inserm-03841438⟩
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