Subclavian central venous catheter-related thrombosis in trauma patients: incidence, risk factors and influence of polyurethane type. - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Critical Care Year : 2013

Subclavian central venous catheter-related thrombosis in trauma patients: incidence, risk factors and influence of polyurethane type.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) related to a central venous catheter varies considerably in ICUs depending on the population included. The aim of this study was to determine subclavian central venous catheter (SCVC)-related DVT risk factors in severely traumatized patients with regard to two kinds of polyurethane catheters. METHODS: Critically ill trauma patients needing a SCVC for their usual care were prospectively included in an observational study. Depending on the month of inclusion, patients received one of the two available products in the emergency unit: either an aromatic polyurethane SCVC or an aliphatic polyurethane SCVC. Patients were screened weekly by ultrasound for SCVC-related DVT. Potential risk factors were collected, including history-related, trauma-related and SCVC-related characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 186 patients were included with a median Injury Severity Sore of 30 and a high rate of severe brain injuries (21% of high intracranial pressure). Incidence of SCVC-related DVT was 37% (95% confidence interval: 26 to 40) in patients or 20/1,000 catheter-days. SCVC-related DVT occurred within 8 days in 65% of cases. There was no significant difference in DVT rates between the aromatic polyurethane and aliphatic polyurethane SCVC groups (38% vs. 36%). SCVC-related DVT independent risk factors were age >30 years, intracranial hypertension, massive transfusion (>10 packed red blood cell units), SCVC tip position in the internal jugular or in the innominate vein, and ipsilateral jugular catheter. CONCLUSION: SCVC-related DVT concerned one-third of these severely traumatized patients and was mostly clinically silent. Incidence did not depend on the type of polyurethane but was related to age >30 years, intracranial hypertension or misplacement of the SCVC. Further studies are needed to assess the cost-effectiveness of routine screening in these patients in whom thromboprophylaxis may be hazardous.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
cc12748.pdf (285.93 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
cc12748.xml (93.8 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Format : Other
Loading...

Dates and versions

inserm-00850692 , version 1 (08-08-2013)

Identifiers

Cite

Ariane Gentile, Laurent Petit, Françoise Masson, Vincent Cottenceau, Josseline Bertrand-Barat, et al.. Subclavian central venous catheter-related thrombosis in trauma patients: incidence, risk factors and influence of polyurethane type.. Critical Care, 2013, 17 (3), pp.R103. ⟨10.1186/cc12748⟩. ⟨inserm-00850692⟩

Collections

INSERM
151 View
661 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More